[ENERGY] France accelerates its energy transition on commercial and industrial buildings

In a quick succession, two recently adopted legislations will boost the transition towards more environmentally friendly C&I buildings. A brief insight.   I. New standards for energy efficiency in “tertiary” buildings   As for buildings in the “tertiary” sector (which includes hotels, shopping centres, office buildings), the Decree of July 23, 2019 “regarding the duties…

[ENERGY] Ups and Downs of French Energy Policy

The demonstrations of the “yellow vests” movement, initially focusing on the increase of environmental taxes on fuel, and recent demonstrations for Climate have again brought the environmental and energy issues into the bright light of public debate. Some weeks before protests and marches began, the French Government had unveiled the main directions of the “multiannual programming…

[M&A] Attribution of knowledge – Obligation to provide information, fraud and fraudulent retention of information – but who actually possesses the information?

It happens frequently that following the acquisition of a business, the acquirer, dissatisfied with the deal, attempts to obtain compensation for damages on the grounds that seller withheld decisive information. Another frequently used strategy is to try to have the contract annulled on the grounds of fraud or fraudulent retention of information. The acquirer is…

[ENERGY] Development of PV projects in France : beware of protected species!

On the basis of European Union Directives[1], French regulations have for more than 10 years established a principle of strict protection regarding the “protected species” (“espèces protégées”).  Developers of PV projects in France have for a long time and often because of a lack of information missed the issue. Yet, some local environmental authorities have…